Home Health Care
Home health care can either refer to supportive care or long-term care provided in the home. Care may be provided by licensed healthcare professionals who provide medical care needs or by professional caregivers who provide daily care to help to ensure the activities of daily living (ADLs) are met.
The largest segment of home health care consists of licensed and unlicensed non-medical personnel, including caregivers and care assistants, who assist individuals with daily tasks such as bathing, eating, cleaning the home and preparing meals. Caregivers work to support the daily needs of individuals, helping them stay at home instead of moving to a more structured care setting. Often non-medical home care is paid for by the individual or family.
Long-term care provided formally in the home can incorporate a wide range of clinical services. These services are usually ordered by a physician or other professional. Some of the costs of these services may be covered by health insurance or long-term care insurance.